Regime type wiki

Totalitarianismis an extreme version of authoritarianism. Authoritarianism primarily differs from totalitarianism in that social and economic institutions exist free from governmental control.In politics, an authoritarian government is characterized by highly concentrated and centralized power maintained by political repression and the exclusion of potential challengers.A dictatorship is defined as an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by an individual: a dictator.Typically, single-party states hold the suppression of political factions, except as transitory issue oriented currents within the single party or permanent coalition as a self-evident good.By contrast, a single-party state is a type of party system government in which a single political party forms the government and no other parties are permitted to run candidates for election.In contemporary usage, dictatorship refers to an autocratic form of absolute rule by leadership unrestricted by law, constitutions, or other social and political factors within the state.Authoritarianism emphasizes arbitrary law rather than the rule of law, including election rigging and political decisions being made by a select group of officials behind closed doors.For Friedrich and Brzezinski, the defining elements were intended to be taken as a mutually supportive organic entity composed of the following: an elaborating guiding ideology; a single mass party, typically led by a dictator; a system of terror; a monopoly of the means of communication and physical force; and central direction, and control of the economy through state planning.An autocracy is a system of government in which a supreme political power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control.

Such regimes had initial origins in the chaos that followed in the wake of World War I, at which point the sophistication of modern weapons and communications enabled totalitarian movements to consolidate power.The term 'an authoritarian regime' denotes a state in which the single power holder - an individual 'dictator,' a committee or a junta or an otherwise small group of political elite - monopolizes political power.The Communist Party of China's single-party rule of the People's Republic of China is a prominent contemporary example .It uses political parties and mass organizations to mobilize people around the goals of the regime.Authoritarianism is marked by "indefinite political tenure" of an autocratic state or a ruling-party state.